Landscape Architecture Europe (LAE) presents the sixth yearbook on European practice of landscape architecture: Second Glance.
We are entering the third decade of the 21st century. Will we manage to get tools and techniques in place within this decade which scientists believe is our last chance to undertake action
to ensure a habitable environment? Landscape architects cannot turn the planet into a marvel alone, they cannot prevent catastrophe alone. But they can join forces with other actors to take care
of, to create and to act for resiliency beauty and survival. Care, create and act are the three design actions we identified as foundational for landscape architecture in the fifth edition of
this book series. The sixth edition seeks to build upon this approach. The selection of more than sixty projects all over Europe is presented in four themes:
Europe’s commitment – Working with Grand Challenges;
Europe’s strength – Public Spaces;
Where we live today – Landscapes as Mind-Openers;
What we need to develop – Landscapes for urban futures.
Added to these rich illustrated thematic project-essays the book contains two portraits and two other essays.
Jacqueline Osty: Urban Poetry – portrait by Anais Léger-Smith (landscape architect and engineer, design researcher at the Architecture School of Toulouse)
Only rarely do we find sole women leading decidedly urbanism-centred landscape offices among those designers who gained momentum and recognition during the 1980s-90s in Europe. Jacqueline Osty
stands out among them, and she was just awarded the French Grand Prix d’Urbanisme (2020). Trained by Michel Corajoud, the figure who ‘urbanised’ landscape architecture in France under a new
regime of the landscape school in Versailles, Osty decided to create her office by herself, while her fellows, often men, worked in couples or teamed up to build their professional careers
(Desvigne-Dalnoky, Bruel Delmar, Agence Ter, HYL, Ilex, etc). Osty made water the distinguishing feature of her urban landscapes, using its functional and poetic qualities, and directing
important urban projects from the outset. Early realisations comprise Boulevard Richard Lenoir in Paris (designed above a subterranean canal) and the large Parc St Pierre in Amiens (traversed by
subtle water courses). Recent work contains the Parc Martin Luther King in Paris (a transformed railyard, comprising a distinguished water recycling system), the Rollet Peninsula in Rouen (an
urban district on a former port area on river Seine), and the large-scale long-term urban transformation of the Ile de Nantes (in collaboration with urbanist Claire Schorter, a former ship
building site in the meanders of river Loire).
Metropolitan Trails: ‘THIS IS NO ORDINARY PATH!’ – portrait by Nazli Tümerdem (architect and initiator of Istanbul Walkabouts, researcher at ETH Zurich)
Walking is an aesthetic practice and therefore directly related to design practice, says Italian architecture scholar Francesco Careri, even though the act of walking does not leave any
traces on the ground – but it is able to shape the minds who prefigure and initiate physical change. Walking in common is also a pedagogical practice, addressing audiences varying from school
kids to design students, interested laymen to political decision makers. Metropolitan Trails have been created as an association in Southern France a decade ago and have grown into an
interdisciplinary network of public and private actors from the arts, urbanism and tourism, based in various cities across Europe. They aim at raising awareness about the urban environments
people inhabit, and how to change them towards more inclusive and sustainable ways of living in the 21st century. This portrait presents and discusses how the actors of Metropolitan Trails ‘are
inventing the city of tomorrow’, in the words of the president of the French Academy of Architecture Thierry van de Wyngaerts, ‘they metamorphose a metropolis by connecting all its territories
and by shedding a new light on them’.
THINKING ABOUT HOW DESIGNERS THINK ABOUT SITE – essay by Andrea Kahn (principal of designCONTENT based in New York, design scholar at Princeton, Yale, Columbia, RISD,
Being together on-site has become difficult during the current pandemic while at the same time people were connecting ever easier over digital media among their various sites of being. This
observation only strengthens the need for discussing among professionals why and how site matters, for designers. What is it – a place or location, the activity of situating, positioning,
establishing something? How do we think about it – in physical, material and conceptual terms? Why is it important to consider site matters – how do they set the stage for design actions? This
essay dives into some principles of site thinking, distinguishing the relational condition of site as a fruitful concept for designers. It also highlights how actors from different disciplinary
backgrounds develop their various modes of site thinking when engaging in (or with) landscape-related projects, touching as well on how thinking about design sites as reaching beyond individual
design projects can be of help in facing the complex landscape challenges at hand in the 21st century.
PUBLICNESS BEYOND CRITICAL CARE: A GREEN NEW DEAL – essay by Riccardo Mastini (researcher in political ecology and ecological economics at the Autonomous University in
Healthcare systems in many countries around the world have been on the brink of collapse these past months because of a shortage of intensive care beds for all the people in critical conditions.
The reason for the inadequacy of public healthcare systems even in many wealthy countries in Europe is that they have been increasingly privatised and chronically under-funded. This
commodification reflects the extension of market rules to domains so far considered standing outside of them, as they would sustain a common good, such as health, education, the arts – including
the design of public spaces at any scale as the physical expression of publicness, a prime task for landscape architects in Europe. This essay looks into the machinery of an economic system that
thrives on exploitation of the public domain, for the sake of maximizing financial gains (for firms) and economic progress (for governments). To landscape architects and other designers, it
illustrates the neoliberal playbook that has produced the economic straitjacket they had to adopt since the early years of the 21st century. Taking the current pandemic to realise that markets
won’t save the day prompts a call to transition away from an unhealthy economic system and ask for imagining publicness, including public spaces, beyond critical care.
As always, an independent jury of practising landscape architects from different European countries has selected the projects. The jury for this edition consisted of Jandirk Hoekstra
(chair), (NL), Daia Stutz, S2L (CH), Varpu Mikola, Nomaji (FIN), Catarina Raposo, BALDIOS (P) and Luka Javornik, Studio AKKA (SLO). The editorial board consist of Lisa Diedrich (editor in chief),
(Berlin/Malmö), Mark Hendriks (Utrecht), Claudia Moll (Zürich), Anais Léger-Smith (Toulouse), Sonia Curnier (Lausanne).
Landscape Architecture Europe (LAE) is a foundation that seeks to enhance the dialogue in landscape architecture on a European level by publishing a triennial yearbook. Produced for the
LAE Foundation and European Region of International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA Europe), the books aspire to be the definitive critical review of the state of the art
of European landscape architecture.